Commentary on Romans


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The next step is to choose a monthly or yearly subscription, and then enter your payment information. You can cancel anytime during the trial period. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate, click the button below. To manage your subscription, visit your Bible Gateway account settings. Upgrade, and get the most out of your new account. Try it free for 30 days. Matthew Henry's Commentary — Romans. The doctrinal part of the epistles instructs us, 1. Click the button below to continue.

Close this window. Learn more today! Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial. Three easy steps to start your free trial subscription to Bible Gateway Plus. Take up and read! But put on the Lord Jesus Christ and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires Romans b In August of , a monk lectured on the Book of Psalms to seminary students, but his inner life was nothing but turmoil. In his studies he came across Psalm : In Thy righteousness deliver me.


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I grasped the truth that the righteousness of God is that righteousness whereby, through grace and sheer mercy, he justifies us by faith. Therefore I felt myself to be reborn and to have gone through open doors into paradise This passage of Paul became to me a gateway into heaven. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone, for my salvation, and an assurance was given me that he had taken my sins away, even mine. The Book of Romans has life changing truth but it must be approached with effort and determination to understand what the Holy Spirit said through the Apostle Paul.

Rom Paul introduces himself to the Roman Christians. Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God. Paul : The life and ministry of the Apostle Paul also known as Saul of Tarsus is well documented in Acts chapters 8 through 28 , as well as Galatians 1 and 2 , and 2 Corinthians 11 and It is almost universally agreed that Paul wrote Romans from the city of Corinth as he wintered there on his third missionary journey as described in Acts This is based on Romans and along with 1 Corinthians A variety of commentators pick the date of writing anywhere from 53 to 58 a.

When Paul wrote the Book of Romans, he had been a Christian preacher for some 20 years. On his way to Jerusalem, he had three months in Corinth without any pressing duties. He perhaps thought this was a good time to write ahead to the Christians in Rome, a church he planned to visit after the trip to Jerusalem.

What if he were unable to make it to Rome? Then he must write them a letter so comprehensive that the Christians in Rome had the gospel Paul preached, even if Paul himself were not able to visit them. Because of all this, Romans is different than many of the other letters Paul wrote churches. Other New Testament letters focus more on the church and its challenges and problems. The Letter to the Romans focuses more on God and His great plan of redemption.

It may be that he memorized it and that the reading of it became a part of virtually every meeting of the Roman church. As well, many scholars Bruce and Barclay among them believe that an edited version of Romans — without the personal references in Romans 16 — was distributed widely among early churches as a summary of apostolic doctrine.

A bondservant He is first a servant of Jesus Christ , and second called to be an apostle. Separated to the gospel of God : The idea of being an apostle is that you are a special ambassador or messenger. It is the gospel of God in the sense that it belongs to God in heaven. Paul may here refer to his former state as a Pharisee , which literally signifies a separatist , or one separated. Before he was separated unto the service of his own sect ; now he is separated unto the Gospel of God.

The gospel of God : Other New Testament letters focus more on the church and its challenges and problems; Romans focuses more on God. Romans is a book about God.

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No topic is treated with anything like the frequency of God. Everything Paul touches in this letter he relates to God. In our concern to understand what the apostle is saying about righteousness, justification, and the like we ought not to overlook his tremendous concentration on God. In comparison, note the frequency of other words used in Romans: law 72 , Christ 65 , sin 48 , Lord 43 , and faith Romans deals with many different themes but as much as a book can be, it is a book about God.

There are many important words in the vocabulary of Romans we must understand. Rom Paul introduces his gospel to the Romans. Which He promised before through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures, concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.

Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name, among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;. He promised before through His prophets : This gospel is not new, and it is not a clever invention of man. The center of Christianity is not a teaching or a moral system, it is a Person: Jesus Christ. This Jesus has both a human origin born of the seed of David according to the flesh , and an eternal existence declared to be the Son of God. The resurrection of Jesus shows His divine power because He rose by His own power: Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up again John In this place the word signifies such a manifest and complete exhibition of the subject as to render it indubitable.

The really significant background, though, is its use in the Greek translation of the Old Testament to render the divine name, Yahweh Christians who used this as their Bible would be familiar with the term as equivalent to deity. The gospel gave Paul and the church grace and apostleship , and one reason those two gifts were given was to produce obedience to the faith.

The gospel is big enough and great enough for the whole world; it must go out to impact all nations.

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Romans 2 Bible Commentary

The gospel had reached the Roman Christians, demonstrating that they are the called of Jesus Christ. First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of His Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers, making request if, by some means, now at last I may find a way in the will of God to come to you. For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, so that you may be established; that is, that I may be encouraged together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me.

Now I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that I often planned to come to you but was hindered until now , that I might have some fruit among you also, just as among the other Gentiles. I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise.

So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also. To all who are in Rome : Paul had never been to Rome, and he did not found the Roman church. It seems the church in Rome began somewhat spontaneously as Christians came to the great city of the Empire and settled there.

There is also no Biblical or historical evidence that the Apostle Peter founded the church in Rome. Acts describes how there were people from Rome among the Jews present at the Day of Pentecost; so when they returned home, there was a Christian community in Rome. Beyond that, the origins of the church in Rome are somewhat obscure, but Christians continually migrated to Rome from all parts of the Empire.

Even so, through mutual acquaintances or through his travels, Paul knew many of the Christians in Rome by name because he mentions them in Romans Even if Paul only knew many of the Roman Christian by acquaintance, he knew two things about them and every true Christian.

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He knew they were beloved of God and that they were saints. Grace to you and peace from God : Paul formally addresses his readers with his familiar greeting, combining the Greek greeting of grace with the Jewish greeting of peace. This grace and peace is not the kind wish of a man; they are gifts , coming from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world : Paul was thankful for the good reputation of the church in Rome. Because of its location, this church had a special visibility and opportunity to glorify Jesus throughout the Empire.

These Christians had to be strong.

N. T. Wright Romans: Introduction

Without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers : Paul wanted the Roman Christians to know he prayed for them, and praying for an opportunity to visit them I may find a way in the will of God to come to you. Some churches would prosper better if some of you remembered them more in prayer. He wanted them to know that he really prayed. I may impart to you I often planned to come to you but was hindered until now : For a long time, Paul wanted to visit Rome and was only hindered by external circumstances. I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise : Paul recognized he had something of a debt to Rome.

The Roman Empire brought world peace and order; they brought a common cultural, and an excellent transportation system to the world. Paul used all these in spreading the Gospel; so he can best repay this debt by giving Rome the good news of Jesus Christ. Paul was a tireless evangelist, working all over the world because he believed he had a debt to pay, and he owed it to the whole world.

He wanted nothing else but just that pair of boots, and he was ready to go. I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also : This is boldness talking. Where in all history can you find one like Paul? Alexander, Caesar, Napoleon, marched with the protection of their armies to enforce their will upon men. The Roman Empire had to find a ship for him, and a fit escort for him, too; and he entered the city as an ambassador in bonds. When our hearts are set on a thing, and we pray for it, God may grant us the blessing; but, it may be, in a way that we never looked for.

You shall go to Rome, Paul; but you shall go in chains.

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Rom Paul introduces the theme of his letter: the righteousness of God, as revealed in the gospel of Jesus Christ. For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. In a sophisticated city like Rome, some might be embarrassed by a gospel centered on a crucified Jewish Savior and embraced by the lowest classes of people — but Paul is not ashamed. For it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes : This is why Paul is not ashamed of a gospel centered on a crucified Savior.

He knows that the gospel — the good news of Jesus Christ — has inherent power. It was played out before his eyes every day. The letter to the Romans stands as the clearest and most systematic presentation of Christian doctrine in all the Scriptures. Paul began by discussing that which is most easily observable in the world—the sinfulness of all humanity.

Romans - Matthew Henry's Commentary - Bible Gateway

All people have been condemned due to our rebellion against God. For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. The structure of Romans provides a hint into the importance of the book in our everyday lives.

Beginning with eleven chapters of doctrine, the book then transitions into five chapters of practical instruction. This union between doctrine and life illustrates for Christians the absolute importance of both what we believe and how we live out those beliefs. Does your day-to-day life mirror the beliefs you hold, or do you find yourself in a constant battle with hypocrisy?

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